Writing complete List of Catholic Sacramentals is almost impossible, as the Church has no definitive index of them and has the power to introduce new Sacramentals according to the needs.
There are two main groups of Catholic Sacramentals- things and actions.
They are usually worn around the neck. It is a disc of metal with an image of a Saint, The Blessed Mother or of Our Lord. They serve as a reminder of the person depicted. There are countless types of medals, you can easily find a medal with almost every Saint you can think of. Medals mentioned here are particularly popular:
The Miraculous Medal– undoubtedly this is the most famous medal of all. It originates with Sister Catherine Laboure in year 1830, when Virgin Mary gave her a mission. Medal was going to be made according to the model this noun had seen in the vision. Our Lady promised help and protection for all who will wear it and pray with these words : “O Mary, conceived without sin, pray for us who have recourse to you, and for all who do not have recourse to you, especially the enemies of the Church and those recommended to you. Amen”
The Medal of St Benedict– named after St Benedict of Nursia ( +543). On one side of the medal there is St Benedict holding his Rule in one hand and cross in another. Next to him is the cup with poison. There is number of miracles associated with this medal, both spiritual and physical. Because of that fact it became known as the “devil- chasing medal”
St Christopher Medal– very popular among drivers and travelers as many believe he protects from sudden death and helps in modern traffic
Medal of the Holy Face– this medal is to be worn in a spirit of reparation for the outrages committed against the Holy Face of Our Lord during His Passion and for those committed against Him every day in the Sacrament of Holy Communion
The St Joseph Medal– it honors St Joseph as patron of the Church and protector of the Holy Family. He is shown with his arms around child Jesus and Our Lady. The words on the medal are: ” That all may be one: St Joseph Our Protector Pray For Us”
The Medal of Our Lady of Bonne Garde– medal to guard innocence in the difficult times when corruption spreads. To be worn by children and young adults. It originated with Marie-Julie Jahheny, French mystic of 19th century. It bears these words: ” Oh you, Holy Virgin, who crushed the head of the serpent, guard our Faith and the Innocence of our children”
The Medal of Jesus King of All Nations– medal for our protection. Jesus’ promise to those who will wear it the grace of protection from harm and from all forms of His justice. This will especially be true of danger coming from natural disasters
Medal of Our Lady of Olives– traditionally worn by people who ask for a protection from the lightning in a storm, it is also protection during childbirth. Medal this originated in the 14th century France
The Scapular Medal– introduced in 1910 by Pope St. Pius X. It may be substituted in most cases for any of the Scapulars after valid enrollment
Medal of Salvation– medal which was requested by Our Lady herself, under the title of Mother of Salvation from Maria Divine Mercy, Irish visioner, in 2013. It offers the gift of conversion and salvation. It is a last medal given to humanity for the end times, more powerful that any other will be defense against the lure of Antichrist. (click here for more information)
Medal of St. Dymphna- popular among those afflicted with nervous and emotional illness
Crosses and Crucifixes
The Cross is the most important, widespread and venerated sacramental in the Church. It represents Jesus Christ, our Saviour- the symbol of mankind’s redemption. It’s present in all Catholic and most Christian churches.
The person who found the True Cross was St. Helena, in year 326. Many parts of True Cross still exist, spread through the world.
There are different types of Crucifix:
The Crucifix that spoke to St. Francis ( “San Damiano” Crucifix )– Francis Bernardone known as St. Francis had been sent to Foligno and on the way he passed the little ruined church of San Damiano. He stopped and went inside. What he saw was Byzantine cross with painted crucifix. In the instant he felt great love of Jesus Christ. Francis prayed and asked for forgiveness. Suddenly the lips of the crucifix moved. He heard: “Francis, My son, do you not see that my Church is falling into ruins? Go quickly and build up its walls”. That is how St. Francis started his journey to sainthood. The crucifix can be seen till this day in the Church of St. Clare in Assisi.
St. Brigid’s Cross– the legend of this Cross is that Brigid once acted as a nurse to a pagan chieftain. While he was sleeping she made a cross out of rushes from the floor. When he woke up he asked about it. She told him the story of Calvary. Deeply impressed by her story he converted into Christianity.
The Cross of Caravaca– legend says that in 1232. Muslim leader El sayid Abu Ceit asked a priest, who was a prisoner, to demonstrate how to celebrate a Mass. The Priest began but then he had to stop because there was no cross on the alter. At that moment two angels transported the cross through the window and placed it on the alter. After being witness of this miracle El sayid Abu Ceit and his court converted.
The Miraculous Crucifix of Buga– famous statue of Jesus Christ in the form of crucifix housed in the Basilica of Our Lord of the Miracles in Buga since 18th century.
The Crucifix of El Cristo Negro De Esquipulas (Black Christ of Esquipulas)– wooden image of Jesus Christ, can be found in the Cathedral Basilica of Esquipulas in Guatemala.
The Crucifix of Christ of the Agony of Limpias– life-size wooden crucifix known as the ” Christ of Agony”
Catholic Church honors the bodies of the saints or objects which came into contact with them and objects connected with Our Lord. No one is required to believe in miracles, but Our Lord has often shown his approval of the use of relics by wo
rking some spectacular miracles through them.
There are three categories of relics:
- First Class Relics- parts of the bodies of Saints or instruments of the Passion, like nails or thorns from Lords crown
- Second Class Relics- all objects which came in close contact with Saints ( personal items, clothes)
- Third Class Relics- objects that have been touched to the body of the Saint, or either first or second class relics
Relics of Christ:
Cross on which Jesus Christ died ( The True Cross)– found by St. Helena, mother of the emperor Constantine the Great, in the year 326.
Nails of the Crucifixion
The Seamless Robe of Christ ( Holy Tunic)
The Holy Lance
Crown of Thorns
The Shroud of Turin– the best known relic of Jesus Christ. It’s believed that body of Our Lord was covered with this cloth after His death.
Veil of Veronica– according to legend the veil was used by Veronica to wipe Jesus’ face from blood and sweat. The face of Christ is visible on the veil.
Holy Stairs ( The Scala Sancta)– according to Christian tradition these are the steps that led up to the praetorium of Pontius Pilate, located in Jerusalem. On the way to trial Jesus Christ stood on them during His Passion. From the 4th century they are in Rome, brought there by St. Helena.
The Mandylion– also known as The Image of Edessa. It is believed by Christians that it was sent by Jesus to King Abgar V of Edessa to cure him of leprosy. The letter declining an invitation to visit king was sent with it. We can see it in the Matilda Chapel of the Vatican Palace.
The Holy Grail– Cup used by Jesus at the Last Supper.
They originate in Middle Ages as a piece of cloth roughly the width of the shoulders, long and narrow, with the opening in the middle so it could be put over the head. Usually worn over the tunic. Scapulars, as we know them now developed from the original form and can be worn by everyone. They are smaller and consist two pieces of cloth connected by a string. One part of the cloth hangs in the front and another on the back, as they are connected by a piece of string.
The scapular is worn to obtain certain benefits but we have to remember that in order to receive those benefits we are obliged to certain commitments. It is important that the wearer understands fully the devotion attached to the scapular.
The Brown Scapular of Our Lady of Mount Carmel– originated in the Carmelite Order, the Brown Scapular is one of the oldest but also most loved and well-known. It’s in the form of two brown pieces of cloth, joined by a ribbon. It goes back to 16th July 1251, when Our Lady appeared to St. Simon Stock and presented him the first scapular. She said: “Take, beloved son, this scapular of the Order as a badge of my confraternity, and for thee and all Carmelites a special sign of grace, whoever dies in this garment, will not suffer everlasting fire”.
The Red Scapular of the Passion– this Scapular has its origin in a vision which was given by Our Lady to Sister Apolline Andriveau ( a Daughter of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul) in 1846. She saw Jesus Christ holding in His hand the Scapular of His Passion. He promised that those who wore the Scapular would, on Fridays, experience a great increase of Faith, Hope and Charity. One side of the Scapular shows Christ on the Cross and other shows the Sacread Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.
The Black Scapular of the Seven Dolors of the Blessed Virgin Mary– made out of black cloth, has a picture of Our Lady of Sorrows on the front panel. Originated in the Servite Order, which was founded in Florence in XIII century.
The Seal of the Living God Scapular– it was given to us by God through Irish visioner Maria Divine Mercy in 2012. It offers protection from future persecutions, not just in spirit, but a physical protection as well. It will guard all from the power of Antichrist. (click here for more information)
Scapular Medal-introduced in 1910 by St. Pius X. It may be substituted for any cloth scapular approved by the Church.
The White Scapular ( The Scapular of the Most Blessed Trinity)– originates in a private revelation to St. John of Matha. It represents a red and blue cross, the badge of the Trinitarian Order.
The Blue Scapular of the Immaculate Conception– originated in the XVII century after Venerable Ursula Benicasa, foundress of the Order of Theatine Nuns, had a vision of Virgin Mary. It was to be worn in honor of the Immaculate Conception, for the conversion of sinners.
The Scapular of the Holy Face
The Sacred Heart Badge– it is an oval shaped with a serrated-edge print showing Jesus Christ with His Heart exposed and the Heart itself on the other. Originated with St. Margaret Mary Alocoque, nun of the Visitation Convent in France. Her revelations begun in 1693, in which Our Lord called her to reveal to everyone the love of His Sacred Heart.
The Scapular of Our Lady Of Mercy– commonly worn by members of the Third Order.
The Green Scapular of the Immaculate Heart of Mary– devotion to this scapular started after series of private revelation to Sister Justine Bisqueyburu. She had a vision of the Blessed Virgin on January 28, 1840. The Mother of God appeared to her holding in her right hand heart surrounded by flames and in the left a scapular. One side of the scapular contained representation of the Virgin Mary, while on the other side we can see Her heart, pierced by sward. Scapular bears a promise of conversion of souls and good death. Green Scapular differs from other scapulars as it doesn’t have front and back part but only single piece of green cloth on a green string.
Cords and Cinctures
They are worn round the waist and are also known as a liturgical girdle. It’s in the form of long rope made out of linen or hemp, tasseled at the end. Symbolically they represent purity, but they can also show attachment to a specific Saint, or to a cause.
St. Joseph Cord– out of the all known cords, this is the most popular. It is a simple cord with seven knots in it- one for each of the seven joys of St. Joseph.
Cord of St. Philomena– its a red and white cord with two knots, representing her virginity and martyrdom. Recognized by Pope Leo XIII in 1884. Worn under clothing like a belt to improve the grace of chastity.
St. Dominic Ribbon– for those who want to have a children and have a problem with fertility.
Cord of St. Thomas Aquina– worn around waist as a reminder to wearer that he is a temple of the Holy Spirit. It has a fifteen knots, one for each mysterie of the Rosary. Usually made out of white linen.
The Church uses three types of holy oil:
- Oil of the Catechumens for Baptism and Holy Orders
- Holy Chrism for Baptism, Confirmation and Episcopal Ordination (Chrism is a mixture of olive oil and balm)
- Oil of the Sick for the Anointing of those seriously ill
All three of them are blessed solemnly by the bishop at the Chrism Mass on Mandy Thursday. Historically the use of oil goes back to the Old Testament It was used to anoint priests, prophets and kings. Holy Oil stands for sweetness, strength and spiritual activity.
As some of you may know, there are other types of oil, which are also used as sacramentals. They are usually called ” Oil of the Saints”. There is quite few examples of them in history, including the Oil of St. Charbel. It is in a form of oil or other liquid, which has been discharged from relics of some Saints. We can also include oil which was blessed in honor of a Saint or oil which was poured over the relics. Usually this fluid is odorless, tasteless and colorless. Medicine can’t explain this phenomenon, as it happens in all atmospheric conditions and circumstances.
Oil of St. Walburga– St. Walburga was an English nun, who died in 777 and is buried at Eichstadt in southern Germany. Her body secrets a clear liquid till this day ( from about 12 of October to 25 of February, which are two of her feast days) and is collected by the nuns of the convent. Pilgrims are given the oil for private use. Miracles connected to this oil are happening even now.
Oil of St. Charbel Makhlouf– St. Charbel was a Maronite monk from Lebanon, he died in 1898. His body was found incorrupt when after four months his grave was opened, because of the bright light coming out of his burying place. That wasn’t everything, his body was also discharging a clear fluid, which continued to exude for over fifty years. In 1965 the body was exhumed again, just before his beatification. On that occasion the body had decomposed and the fluid wasn’t flowing anymore. Oil of St. Charbel can be obtained till this day. The number of miracles which happened through the intercession of St. Charbel and his oil are numerous. Some of them are well-documented and no natural explanation has been found for it.
Oil of St. Nicholas of Myra– relics of St. Nicholas are placed in Bari (Italy) since 1087. They are secreting an oil till this day
Oil of St. Menas
The Church, from very early age used candles in service to enhance the splendor of religious ceremonies. Candles were first used to give light in early morning services. Light is essential part of life and happiness.
Christ Himself said: ” I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life” ( John 8:12).
Candlemas– candles are blessed on the Feast of the Presentation of the Lord on the 2nd of February. They remind us of Simeon’s prophecy concerning Christ, about the child who would be ” a light to enlighten the Gentiles ( Luke 2:32). A procession takes place, were people carry lighted candles. It reminds us of the entry of Christ into the Temple of Jerusalem.
St. Blaise and Blessing of the Throats with Candles– St. Blase was a Bishop of Sebasta who lost his life in 317. His feast day takes place on the 3rd of February. On that day special blessing is performed during Mass. Priest lays two crossed candles on the throat of each person and says:
“May God deliver you from trouble of the throat and from every other evil through the intercession of St. Blaise, Bishop and Martyr”
Votive lights– we can see them in almost every church. Small candles which we can light in the front of the images of Jesus Christ, Virgin Mary or Saints. We pray for our loved ones, ask for graces and mercy. When we live church those candles still burning and are our silent continuation of prayer.
Palms and Ashes
The first day of lent is called Ash Wednesday. Blessed ashes are used during Mass on that day. By tradition last year’s palm branches from Palm Sunday are burnt to provide the ashes. The Priest makes a cross on the foreheads of each person while saying:
“Remember, man, that you are dust, and to dust you shall return” ( Gen 3:19)
Wearing ashes has a long tradition and was a sign of humility and repentance.
On Palm Sunday ( beginning of the Holy Week) palms are blessed by a priest with those words:
” Almighty God, we pray, bless these branches and make them holy. Today we joyfully acclaim Jesus our Messiah and King. May we reach one day the happiness of the new and everlasting Jerusalem by faithfully following Him. May we honor You every day by living always in Him for He is Lord for ever”
It happens to recall Christ’s triumphant entry into Jerusalem, when the crowd laid palms at his feet. This tradition started in the 4th century, when Christians in Jerusalem began to recreate Christ’s entry to the city. They held a procession carrying palm branches while singing ” Hosanna”.
These days palms are usually dried palm leaves, often acquired from the Holy Land. Very popular are small crosses made out of those leaves. Saying that in many countries real palms are hard to get so different branches are used.
Water is one of the principal symbols of our faith. It is used in the baptism, to show the cleansing from sin, as it symbolizes purity of body and soul.
Holy Water– it is simply ordinary water sanctified by the blessing of the Church. Traditionally the water is blessed on the 6th of January (Epiphany) which is devoted to the Baptism of Our Lord. This water is used by the priests to perform acts of blessing, lay people can use it for their own private devotions. During every Mass few drops of Holy Water are mixed with wine to be consecrated at Mass. It’s very symbolic, as it shows the union of the two natures of Christ, the unity between Christ and His people, but also the water which came out mixed with blood from His side. We can find Holy Water in every Catholic Church in stoups. Before entering and leaving church everyone should make a sign of a cross using this water as an act of faith but also as a reminder of baptism.
Water from Shrines– water from such places can also be counted as a sacramental. It is not Holy Water as it has not been blessed but as this water appeared in those sacred sites, it can be used for private devotion
Lourdes Water– very well-known shrine, where millions of people claim they were miraculously cured through the intercession of Our Lady and by the water from this spring. All happened in 1858 when young French girl Bernadette Soubirous had visions of Our Lady Who called for penance and for confirmation of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception. On February 25, 1858 Bernadette appeared to be digging in the earth. Some water begun to seep and this young girl tried to drink it. The crowd who was witnessing this spectacle thought she had gone crazy as they couldn’t hear what Blessed Mother was saying. Some people tried the water and many miracles happened right on that day. The water flows till this day at the rate of over 130000 liters a day ( 30000 gallons).
St. Odilia Water– born in 660 in Alsace (France) daughter of a nobleman, completely blind from birth. The practice of blessing water in honor of St. Odilia has been alive for centuries. Her relics were dipped in the ordinary water asking God for ” power against all diseases and bodily infirmities”. As she is a patron of the blind and those afflicted with eye disease, many cures are credited to her intercession, especially of diseases of the eyes.
Water of Fatima– Our Lady appeared in Fatima in 1917 to three children: Lucia dos Santos and her cousins Francisco and Jacinta Marto. At the very spot where Virgin Mary came there is a monument of the Sacred Heart and the water flows right next to it.
When we pray in the front of sacred images (statues, icons, paintings, holy cards, Shroud of Turin) we honor Christ, Our Lady and Saints. Images help us to remember of the people they represent and to avoid distractions while praying. In Christianity use of images is based upon the doctrine of Incarnation.
It is important to remember that Catholics don’t pray to sacred images, they pray to the person they represent. It is not an image that works miracles. It is God Himself who acts through them.
Here are some examples of the best known and loved sacred images:
Shroud of Turin (Holy Shroud)– Jesus’ body was wrapped in the linen cloth immediately after His death and was taken down from the cross. It remains a mystery to this day how the image of Jesus Christ was imprinted on this cloth. We can clearly see an image of a man with long hair and a beard with noticeable marks of crucifixion. Currently the Shroud is displayed at the Cathedral of Saint John the Baptist in Turin, Italy.
Veil of Veronica– Veil on which an image of Jesus Christ is imprinted. She encountered Jesus on His way to Calvary along the Via Dolorosa and wiped His face from blood and sweat.
Image o of Our Lady of Guadalupe– truly miraculous image of Virgin Mary which appeared on the tilma (cactus fiber cloak) of Aztec Indian between 9th and 12th of December 1531. Existing till this day can be seen in the Basilica of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico City.
Photo of Jesus by Fra Elia– this image was taken by photographer who came to visit Fra Elia (Italian Priest with Stigmata). This man asked Fra Elia for proof of existence of Jesus Christ, so he told him to take one photo of a white wall. He took 24 of them, but just one of them wasn’t blank. That photo showed beautiful image of Jesus Christ.
The Infant Jesus of Prague– devotion to the Child Jesus started in Spain over three and a half centuries ago. It spread to the Czech Republic and all over the world.
Divine Mercy image of Jesus– Sister Faustyna Kowalska saw Jesus Christ in her cell in 1931, in Plock (Poland). He was wearing white long tunic and was barefooted. His right arm is raised like for blessing while left hand is placed on His heart, from which rays of white and red light are coming out. The first image of the Divine Mercy was painted in Vilnius by Eugieni Kazmierowski under supervision of Sister Faustyna and her spiritual father, Rev. Michal Sopocko. At the bottom of the image there is inscription: ” Jesus, I trust in You”.
The Pantokrator– name of an image of Our Lord as the Ruler of Heaven and Earth.
Jesus King of All Nations Image– it is a new devotion for our times. Jesus desires to reign in all hearts in mercy. He wishes that His reign will be recognized on whole earth. He desires the proclamation of a new dogma of Virgin Mary as Mediatrix of All Graces.
Our Lady of the Rosary of Pompeii– one of the best known paintings of Virgin Mary. She is depicted seating on the throne with Child Jesus on Her knees. Little Jesus hands rosary to St. Dominic while Virgin Mary gives one to St. Catherine of Siena. History of this painting is closely connected to Blessed Bartolo Longo. It is him who composed the “Novena of Petition”, which is also called The Miraculous Rosary and takes 54 days to finish. Promise of Our Lady regarding this novena is: “Whoever desires to obtain favors from Me should make three novenas of the prayers of the Rosary and three novenas in thanksgiving”.
Our Lady of Czestochowa (Black Madonna)– image of Our Lady housed at the Jasna Gora in Czestochowa, Poland. It’s the most famous shrine in Poland. A number of miracles occurred there. Whole country is placed under the protection of Blsack Madonna.
The Virgin Who Unties Knots (Desatanudos)– it is a Baroque painting from XVII century by German artist. It represents Our Lady surrounded by angels. An angel on Her left side is handing Her a white ribbon filled with knots, while second angel, the one on the right side holds untied ribbon. A Choir of Cherubim looks on and the Dove of the Holy Spirit showers the graces from above. Knots are a symbol of our earthy problems and Virgin Mary unties them for us when we ask Her through prayers.
“The Light of the World”- Jesus Knocking at the Door– painting created by English artist William Holman Hunt. It took him eight years to paint it. His aim was to illustrate biblical passage from Revelation 3:20 ” Behold, I stand at the door and knock. If anyone hears voice and opens the door, [then] I will enter his house and dine with him, and he with Me”. The painting is very symbolic. Jesus is knocking at the door, holding a lantern in His hands. Important fact is that there is no handle on the outside. Weeds are overgrowing the doors so we can guess that they were not opened for a long time. Lack of the handle means one think, the door can be opened just from inside. It’s up to us to let Jesus into our lives and homes.
Our Mother of Perpetual Help– very well-known Byzantine image from V century, placed in the Church of St. Alphonsus in Rome, in 1866.
The Rosary and Chaplets
The word rosary comes from Latin rosarium or rose garden, where word chaplet from Latin corona (crown). In origin its a string of beads used for counting prayers. The words rosary, chaplet and corona are used exchangeable these days and refer to prayers which require the use of special strings of beads to allow us to pray in words, while movement of the beads assists us in meditation.
Devotional prayer honoring the Mother of God. It’s by far the most popular of all the chaplets used in Catholic Church. Tradition says that Rosary was given to St. Dominic Guzman in 1206 by Our Lady Herself. It consists of a circle of beads on a string made of five sets of ten beads called decades. On the large beads you would say one Our Father while one the small ones ten Hail Marys and a “Glory Be” at the end of each decade. While saying fifteen decades we contemplate lives of Jesus and Mary. These are divided into the Joyful, Sorrowful and Glorious mysteries.
Pope John Poul II offered five new mysteries in 2002 which are called Luminous.
The Rosary of Seven Sorrows (The Servite Rosary)
It consists of a circle of beads divided into seven sets of seven. We pray Our Father and seven Hail Marys while meditating on one of the seven Sorrows of Our Lady:
- The Prophecy of Simeon
- The Flight into Egypt
- The loss of the Christ Child for three days
- The Way of the Cross
- The Crucifixion
- Christ Laid in the Arms of Mary
- Christ buried in the Sepulchre
In honor of the tears shed by Virgin Mary during Christs Passion we add three Hail Marys at the end.
The Rosary of the Seven Joys of the Blessed Virgin Mary ( The Francuscan Rosary or Seraphic Rosary)
Ancient sacramental, originated in the Franciscan Order. It consists seven decades. We meditate the seven Joys of Mary:
- The Annunciation
- The Visitation
- The Nativity of Christ
- The Visit of the Magi
- The Finding of the Christ Child in the Temple
- The Resurrection and Appearance of Christ to Mary
- Mary’s Assumption and Coronation in Heaven
Passionist Chaplet of the Five Wounds
Jesus revealed Himself to Blessed Angela of Foligno that nothing would please Him more than devotion to His Holy Wounds. This Chaplet is made up of five divisions of five beads each and the Glory Be to the Father is said on them. The sections are divided by medallions, representing the five wounds of Jesus Christ:
- The Wound in the Left Foot
- The Wound in the Right Foot
- The Wound in the Left Hand
- The Wound in the Right Hand
- The Wound in the Sacred Side
Hail Mary is said at the end of each section and three additional Hail Marys at the end of the Chaplet in honor of Virgin Mary tears.
The Chaplet of Divine Mercy
The prayer for mercy given to Polish Sister St. Faustyna Kowalska by Our Lord. We say this Chaplet on ordinary set of Rosary beads. It begins with Our Father, the Hail Mary and the Creed. On the large beads we pray:
“Eternal Father I offer You the Body and Blood, Soul and Divinity of Your Dearly Beloved Son, Our Lord Jesus Christ, in atonement for our sins and those of the whole world”.
On the small beads we pray:
“For the sake of His sorrowful Passion, have mercy on us and on the whole world”.
At the end of the Chaplet we say three times:
“Holy God, Holy Mighty One, Holy Immortal One, have mercy on us and on the whole world”.
St. Faustyna had her first apparition of Jesus as the Merciful One in 1931. He gave her not only this Chaplet but also asked for a painting of Himself to be made. He requested the Feast of Mercy to be established and gave her a prayer at the hour commemorating His death and Novena.
The Brigittine Rosary
This Chaplet originated with St. Bridget of Sweden. She founded the Order of Our Holy Saviour (known as Bridgettines). Similar to the Rosary of the Blessed Virgin Mary, except that it consists of six decades, not five. There is one additional Mystery in each division.
- The Immaculate Conception of Mary (Joyful Mystery)
- Christ Laid in the Arms of Mary (Sorrowful Mystery)
- The Patronage of Mary (Glorious Mystery)
The Rosary for the Dead
It was composed in the XIX century in France and consists four decades of ten beads each. On the Cross we say Psalm 130 (De Profundis), both at the beginning and the end of the Chaplet. On the large beads we say The Requiem Aeternam and the Acts of Faith, Hope and Charity. On the small beads we say “Sweet Heart of Mary, Be my Salvation”.
Chaplet of St. Anthony
Chaplet composed in honor of St. Anthony and thirteen Miracles listed in the Miraculous Responsory. It consists of thirteen groups of three beads each. On the first bead of each decade we pray Our Father, on the second the Hail Mary, and on the third one The Glory Be to the Father. Miraculous Responsory is said at the end.
Chaplet of St. Michael
It originated in 1751, when St. Michael appeared to Antonia d’Astonac (Portuguese Carmelite). He asked her to publish this Chaplet which consists nine salutations, each one corresponding to one of the nine Choirs of Angels. Each salutation is concluded with one Our Father and three Hail Marys. At the end of this Chaplet we say one Our Father in honor of each Archangel and the Guardian Angel.
There are wonderful promises to those who pray this Chaplet such as sending an Angel from each Choir to assist them when they receive Holy Communion. He also promised His assistance to people who pray it daily and deliverance from the pains of Purgatory, not only for them but also to relatives who are already there.
Places set aside for Divine Worship. All Churches, Chapels or Shrines (such as Lourdes, Fatima or Guadalupe) are sacred places. Places associated with the Life of Our Lord are also known as Holy Places (the Holy Land, Palestine).
Church gave us sacred times to make our faith stronger and prepare us for special occasions. These may be the liturgical seasons (Advent, Christmas, Lent, Easter) or feast days of the Saints.
The Bible and Prayer Books
The Bible is the Word of God, inspired by the Holy Spirit. It’s the guide for all preaching in the Church and basis for theology. In simple words the Bible is the story of God’s revelation in history, written by man under influence of the Holy Spirit.
A blessing is a ritual ceremony by which a priest places a thing or person under the care of God. A liturgical blessing uses a prescribed formula, given by a priest. The Churche’s ritual has over two hundred blessings. The simplest blessings are made with The Sign of the Cross, sometimes Holy Water is used.
The Sacramentals extend Christ’s presence to every part of our life, so things we can and should bless are every day objects, like cars, schools, cattle, fields, our homes, vegetables…
There is the Book of Blessings, which was confirmed by the Apostolic See in 1989. It consists a great variety of blessings for every occasion and think.
In a few short words exorcism is a prayer in which the priest commands the devil to leave a possessed person or forbids him to harm someone. Evil spirits work for our spiritual harm all the time, so use of the Sacramentals is one very important way to protect ourselves from their attacks.
Under liturgical gestures we can include all the movements of the body which we perform in the worship of our God.
Sign of the Cross
“In the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Amen”
Sign of the Cross expresses two central mysteries of the Christian religion: the Holy Trinity and the Redemption (Christ’s saving death on the Cross).
It’s the act of bending the right knee to the floor and standing back up as an act of reverence before the Blessed Sacrament. Everyone should always genuflect on entering a Church or Chapel where the Blessed Sacrament is present.
Act of momentarily kneeling with both knees while bowing the head.
During the celebration of the Mass celebrant bows at certain points. The general instruction of the Roman Missal gives the directive to the Priests when to bow their heads:
- whenever the Holy Name of Jesus is pronounced
- whenever the Holy Name of Mary is pronounced
- whenever the Name of Saints whose feast is being celebrated is pronounced